Women’s Allocation of Time in India, Indonesia and China

There is extensive literature on poverty, gender equality, and sustainable development but few data and information regarding how the use of time affects such issues. This report, through facts and figures, clearly shows that time spent in unpaid employment, mainly by women, contributes to economic growth even if it is generally ignored in economics. Therefore provides motivation for time use surveys (TUSs) to measure, monitor, and understand economic and social consequences of many policies, especially in developing countries.

An important implication is the recognition that, in the three countries analyzed - India, Indonesia, and China -, the society would benefit if women were given voice outside the home. Engaging women in paid work would add to economic growth, reduce population growth and its impact on scarce resources and environmental degradation, reduce poverty, provide justification of higher levels of education, and increase the diversity of different types of businesses.

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