Influencing women’s mobility by enhancing parents’ access to childcare and flexible work arrangements
Parents tend to have more limits on their mobility due to their childcare responsibilities. Due to social norms and culture, the responsibility of child and other care responsibilities often fall on women and girls. The ease, cost and availability of care for young children and free public education for school-age children can therefore affect whether a mother decides to work outside the home for paid compensation or to stay at home with her children. The option of being able to work flexible or part-time schedules may positively impact a women’s ability to remain in the labour force after having a child.Policies that take parents’ unpaid care work into account and the availability of public childcare may enhance women’s economic empowerment. Women, Business and the Law finds that the percentage of women wages earners in economies that provide public childcare or subsidize private childcare was more than twice of that in economies that do not. Of the economies covered by the report, 39 do not offer public childcare facilities; 27 of these are low and middle-income economies. Women, Business and the Law also finds that in 32 economies, the law offers employees with children easier access to flexible work schedule arrangements or part-time work than employees without children.
- How does the cost, availability and access to child care influence a woman's mobility and her ability to pursue her education and secure employment?
How can flexible workplace policies and arrangements (part-time, home-based flex hours etc.) support women's mobility?
What are some good regulatory practices that enhance parent's access to affordable, quality child-care and thereby contribute to women's enhanced mobility?
What social norms and values enable or limit a woman’s ability to take advantage of flexible workplace policies and/or to start her own business?