Impact of climate change, environmental degradation and natural disasters on women's livelihoods
Women and girls comprise a majority of the world’s poor. Due to their unequal economic, social, political, and cultural positions, climate change and environmental degradation have disproportionate impacts on women’s livelihoods, health, food and nutrition security, access to water and energy, as well as coping capabilities. Women, especially in rural communities, have to deal with environmental stresses and shocks and their aftermath, significantly increasing their burden of unpaid care work. Therefore, strengthening women’s access to and control over productive assets, such as land, and their participation in natural resource management and decision-making in the household and the community helps to mitigate such impacts on their lives and livelihoods. Expanding women’s capabilities and their environmental and social roles is indispensable for sustainable development.
Question 1: What types of livelihoods are most affected by climate change, environmental stresses and natural disasters?
Question 2: What approaches are important in strengthening women’s capacities to cope with environmental shocks?
Question 3: What can governments and other actors do to mitigate negative environmental impacts on women’s livelihoods?